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Rice Husk Silica Supported Oil Palm Fruit Ash as a Catalyst in the Transesterification of Waste Frying Oil

Gaanty Pragas, Maniam and Neshabran, Ramachandran and Noor, Hindryawati and M. M., Yusoff (2014) Rice Husk Silica Supported Oil Palm Fruit Ash as a Catalyst in the Transesterification of Waste Frying Oil. In: 8th Malaysian Technical Universities Conference on Engineering & Technology (MUCET 2014), 10-11 November 2014 , Mahkota Hotel Bandar Hilir Melaka. pp. 1-6.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

An investigation was conducted on palm oil palm fruit ash (OPFA), OPFA supported by rice husk silica (RHS), and potassium-OPFA-RHS as catalysts for methyl esters production through transesterification process using waste frying oil. The catalysts showed longer lasting activity than the traditional alkali catalysts. The optimum conditions for the process were: OPFA and K-OPFA-RHS catalyst amount 3 %; OPFA-RHS catalyst amount 5 %; methanol to oil molar ratio 9:1; and a reaction duration is 2 h. The process was able to transesterify oil to methyl esters at 96.6–98.2 % conversion at 65 C for all series. The catalysts were easily separated from the reaction mixture by filtration and able to be reused. Reusability up to 5 cycles is feasible with ME content above 83 %. The final product met selected biodiesel fuel properties in accordance with European Standard EN 14214.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, solid catalyst, oil palm fruit ash, rice husk silica, waste frying oil
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2014 03:13
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2018 03:40
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/7608
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