Assessment of the Phase Synchronization Effect in Modal Testing During Operation

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Ong, Zhi Chao and Lim, Hong Cheet and Khoo, Shin Yee and Ismail, Zubaidah and Kong, Keen Kuan and Abdul Ghaffar, Abdul Rahman (2017) Assessment of the Phase Synchronization Effect in Modal Testing During Operation. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A, 18 (2). pp. 92-105. ISSN 1673-565X(print); 1862-1775(online)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A1600003

Abstract

The impact-synchronous modal analysis (ISMA), which uses impact-synchronous time averaging (ISTA), allows modal testing to be performed during operation. ISTA is effective in filtering out the non-synchronous cyclic load component, its harmonics, and noises. However, it was found that at operating speeds that coincide with the natural modes, ISMA would require a high number of impacts to determine the dynamic characteristics of the system. This finding has subsequently reduced the effectiveness and practicality of ISMA. Preservation of signatures during ISTA depends on the consistency of their phase angles on every time block but not necessarily on their frequencies. Thus, the effect of phase angles with respect to impact is seen to be a very important parameter when performing ISMA on structures with dominant periodic responses due to cyclic load and ambient excitation. The responses from unaccounted forces that contain even the same frequency as that contained in the response due to impact are diminished with the least number of impacts when the phase of the periodic responses is not consistent with the impact signature for every impact applied. The assessment showed that a small number of averages are sufficient to eliminate the non-synchronous components with 98.48% improvement on simulation and 95.22% improvement on experimental modal testing when the phase angles with respect to impact are not consistent for every impact applied.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Impact Factor: 1.214
Uncontrolled Keywords:Experimental modal analysis; Vibration; Impact-synchronous modal analysis (ISMA); Impact-synchronous time averaging (ISTA); Modal testing; Phase synchronization
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:18424
Deposited By: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Deposited On:24 Aug 2017 15:13
Last Modified:24 Aug 2017 15:13

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