Exploring the Transesterification of Castor Oil to Produce Second Generation Biodiesel using a Novel Catalyst

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Mardhiana, Ismail and Ghazi Faisal, Najmuldeen and Wan Mohd Hafizuddin, Wan Yussof (2015) Exploring the Transesterification of Castor Oil to Produce Second Generation Biodiesel using a Novel Catalyst. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), 4 (1). pp. 289-293. ISSN 2278-0181

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Official URL: http://www.ijert.org/view-pdf/12201/exploring-the-...

Abstract

In this study, the crude oil of Malaysian castor bean Ricinus cummunis L. which is non-edible oil was extracted by microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) using ethanol and follow by transesterification reaction by using heterogeneous activated cement clinker catalyst (ACCC). MAE procedure takes 15-30 min and uses small solvent volumes (50% of weight oil). The biodiesel yield when using 1% was 88.61 % which is highest compare with catalyst loading 0.5%,0.75%,1.25% and 1.5 wt/wt%. Reaction time affected positively the catalytic activity since the conversion percentage increased steadily with the reaction time with 2 hours is the best reaction time give yield percentage is 93.91%. Experiment works were carried out varying oil to methanol ratio 1:3, 1:6 and and 1:9 keeping other parameter constant, reaction temperature, 60 °C and reaction time in 2 hour. It show that, best oil to methanol ratio was 1:6 with give biodiesel yield 96.90%.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Castor Oil, Non-Edible Oil, Biodiesel, MicrowaveAssisted Extraction, Heterogeneous Catalysts, Transesterification
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
ID Code:9072
Deposited By: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Deposited On:24 Apr 2015 15:41
Last Modified:22 Aug 2017 12:41

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