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Synthesis and characterization of platinum doped titania and silver doped titania for photo-catalytic degradation of pre-treated palm oil mill effluent

Mohd Rizauddin, Deraman (2015) Synthesis and characterization of platinum doped titania and silver doped titania for photo-catalytic degradation of pre-treated palm oil mill effluent. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

In this study, the potential of application of photo-catalytic degradation of palm oil mill effluent (POME) using metal-doped TiO2 was explored. The study comprised of synthesis and characterization of TiO2 based photo-catalysts doped with platinum (Pt) and silver (Ag) to widen the light absorption spectrum. The aim was to study the effect of photo-catalytic degradation of the pre-treated POME. The experiment was carried out under the UV and visible light and monitoring the COD degradation of pre-treated POME. Various factors affecting the photo-catalytic performance such as metal loadings and photo-catalyst loading were investigated to determine the best operating conditions for POME treatment. Physicochemical characterization studies showed that both Pt/TiO2 and Ag/TiO; have mesopores structure with BJH pore diameter ranged from 11.0 to 20.0 nm. Moreover, the catalysts possessed low BET specific surface area (7.0 to 12.0 m2/g) with the surface morphology also captured by the FESEM images. XRD diffractogram proved that the high temperature did not alter the crystalline structure of catalysts as well as the phase which was retained in anatase phase. The absorption of spectrum in visible range by Ag/TiO2 was confirmed by UV-vis DRS. Results have shown that, for metal loading effects employing a minimum 0.2 g/L of photocatalyst, it can be concluded that the 0.50 wt% Pt and 0.50 wt% Ag loadings yielded the best performance with the highest apparent specific reaction rate, k,,,,,,, obtained from the first-order Power law modelling under the irradiation of UV and visible light, respectively. In addition, the studies pertaining to the effects of photocatalyst loadings over the 0.50 wt% Pt/TiO2 and 0.50 Wt% Ag/TiO; photocatalysts showed that l.O g/L of Pt/TiO; was the optimum loading whilst for the Ag/TiO2, optimum loading was at 1.5 g/L. The photo-catalytic degradation process using both platinum doped titania and silver doped titania is the ideal solution for pome treatment. This finding should be useful in design, operation, optimization and control of photo-catalytic degradation process. For future works, other types of visible-light responsive catalysts can be employed with some in-situ activity characterizations using sophisticated equipment with various process temperatures

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering Thesis (Master of Engineering (Chemical)) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang – 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm oil
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Syed Mohd Faiz Syed Abdul Aziz
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2015 03:41
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2016 07:09
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/10983
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