UMP Institutional Repository

Effects of Blending Ethanol with Palm Oil Methyl Esters on Low Temperature Flow Properties and Fuel Characteristics

Obed M., Ali and R., Mamat and Nik Rosli, Abdullah and Abdul Adam, Abdullah (2013) Effects of Blending Ethanol with Palm Oil Methyl Esters on Low Temperature Flow Properties and Fuel Characteristics. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 59. pp. 85-96. ISSN 2005-4238

[img] PDF
Effects of Blending Ethanol with Palm Oil Methyl Esters on low Temperature Flow Properties and Fuel Characteristics.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (430kB) | Request a copy
[img]
Preview
PDF
fkm-2013-obed-Effects of Blending Ethanol.pdf

Download (15kB) | Preview

Abstract

In order to overcome escalating worldwide consumption of fossil fuel and global warming, an alternative fuel that is economically feasible, sustainable and environmental friendly must be developed for large-scale adoption. Alternative fuels like biodiesel, are being used as effective alternative for diesel. The feasibility of biodiesel production from palm oil was investigated with respect to its fuel properties. Though biodiesel can replace diesel satisfactorily, problems related to fuel properties persist. In this study ethanol (E) additive was blended in the ratios of 1%, 2%, 3% and 4% with palm oil biodiesel (POME) and tested for their properties improvement. These blends were tested for energy content and various fuel properties according to ASTM standards. Qualifying of the effect of additive on palm biodiesel fuel properties can serve the researchers who work on biodiesel fuels to indicate the fuel suitability for diesel engines according to fuel standards. Blends of ethanol in POME resulted in an improvement in acid value, viscosity, density and pour point with increasing content of ethanol in the blend. Further improvement in the pour point temperature of the palm oil methyl esters ethanol blends (B-E) at 5oC can be achieved by adding 4% ethanol additive to POME, accompanied by less than 1% decrease in energy content of biodiesel which still within specifications contained in ASTM D6751 and EN 14214 standards, suggesting that ethanol may be the suitable prudent choice as biodiesel additive.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm oil biodiesel, Ethanol, Energy Continent, Diesel, Fuel properties
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2016 01:50
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 06:59
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/11071
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item