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Production of CO-rich Hydrogen from Methane Dry Reforming Over Lanthania-Supported Cobalt Catalyst: Kinetic and Mechanistic Studies

Ayodele, Bamidele V. and Khan, Maksudur R. and Lam, Su Shiung and Cheng, C. K. (2016) Production of CO-rich Hydrogen from Methane Dry Reforming Over Lanthania-Supported Cobalt Catalyst: Kinetic and Mechanistic Studies. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41 (8). pp. 4603-4615. ISSN 0360-3199

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Abstract

In this study, the production of CO-rich hydrogen from methane dry reforming over lanthania-supported Co catalyst was investigated. The Co/La2O3 catalyst was synthesized via wet-impregnation method and characterized using instrument techniques such as TGA, FTIR, XRD, FESEM-EDX and N2 adsorption-desorption analysis. The catalytic activity of the Co/La2O3 catalyst tested in a fixed bed stainless steel reactor yielded highest CH4 and CO2 conversion of 50% and 60% respectively at 1023 K and feed ratio of 1.0. The methane dry reforming reaction gave highest H2 and CO yield of 45% and 58% respectively. Furthermore, kinetics and mechanistic behavior of the La2O3 supported Co catalyst in methane dry reforming reaction was investigated as a function of temperature and partial pressure of reactants (CH4 and CO2). The experimental data obtained from the kinetics measurements were fitted using the empirical power-law rate expression, as well as six different Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics models. The six models were then statistically and thermodynamically discriminated. Consequently, the Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics model (dual-site associative adsorption of both CH4 and CO2 with bimolecular surface reaction) was adjudged the best representative model. Activation energy values of 96.44 and 98.11 kJ mol�1 were obtained for the CH4 consumptions from the power-law and Langmuir-Hinshelwood models, respectively. A lower activation energy of circa 72 kJ mol�1 obtained for CO2 consumption showed that the rate of consumption of CO2 consumption was speedier than CH4.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cobalt; Dry reforming; Methane; Lanthanum; Langmuir–Hinshelwood; Syngas
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Centre of Excellence: Rare Earth Research Centre
Depositing User: PM Dr. Chin Kui Cheng
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2016 04:14
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2017 08:40
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/11901
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