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Furfural separation from palm empty fruit bunch (pefb) using solid waste catalyst (SWC)

Nurul Arpah, Abd Malek (2015) Furfural separation from palm empty fruit bunch (pefb) using solid waste catalyst (SWC). Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

Oil-derived chemicals is been used to produce nylon, spandex, and other products. However, it seems that in the near future time, we would exchange the used of oil-derived chemicals into the furfural as before. This is due to oil-derived chemical is a non-renewable sources while we can found furfural in many renewable sources. Furfural is a colourless oily liquid with the odour of almonds chemical that produced from hemicelluloses. It is an organic heterocyclic aldehyde compound that stable at room temperature. Hemicelluloses can be found from agricultural waste such as palm empty fruit bunch (PEFB), corncobs and etc. PEFB is an abundant by product of palm oil industry that contains lignocelluloses biomass which composed of hemicelluloses, cellulose, and lignin. Furfural is produced by the hydrolysis and dehydration process of pentose that contained in lignocelluloses. First of all, PEFB is characterized and the raw materials in dried, grinded and sieved before hydrolysis and dehydration process take places. In this project, we synthesized furfural from PEFB and can get the improvement of yield by using solid waste catalyst (SWC). As the result, the optimum condition to produce the highest yield (%) of furfural is at 90 min, with the liquid/solid ratio of 16.67 ml/g and 30 g of catalyst.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: Project Paper (Bachelors of Chemical Engineering) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang – 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oil-derived chemicals
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Nurezzatul Akmal Salleh
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2016 06:56
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2016 06:56
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/12666
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