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Preparation and Characterization of Poly(lactic acid)-Based Composites Reinforced with Poly Dimethyl Siloxane/Ultrasound-Treated Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

Akindoyo, John Olabode and Beg, M. D. H. and Suriati, Ghazali and M. R., Islam and Al Mamun, Abdullah (2015) Preparation and Characterization of Poly(lactic acid)-Based Composites Reinforced with Poly Dimethyl Siloxane/Ultrasound-Treated Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 54 (13). pp. 1321-1333. ISSN 0360-2559 (Print); 1525-6111 (Online)

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Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber and polylactic acid were used to produce composites by melting cast method. Fiber loading was considered up to 40 wt%. Oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers were treated using ultrasound and polydimethylsiloxane to improve the interfacial adhesion. The structure and surface properties of the fibers were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and contact angle measurement. Moreover, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, tensile, flexural, X-ray diffraction, contact angle, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetric analysis were used to investigate composites’ properties. The analysis revealed that polydimethylsiloxane treatment composites show reduced wettability with increased crystallinity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomaterials; Compounding; Fibers; Poly(lactic acid); Thermal properties
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2016 03:27
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2017 08:30
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/12690
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