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Formulation, characterisation, and optimization of emulsion fuel

Muhammad Hashrul Tahpiz, Ibrahim (2015) Formulation, characterisation, and optimization of emulsion fuel. Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

Emulsion is a mixture of two immiscible substances. For the emulsion, we have two types which are Oil-in water emulsions (O/W) and Water –in-oil emulsions (W/O). Diesel fuel emulsions are blended mixtures of diesel fuel, water, emulsifying agents and other additives, that reduce particulate matter (PM), oxides of nitrogen ( NOx) emissions, as a result of the added water. Addition of water to the emulsified fuel also reduces the energy content of the fuel, with corresponding reductions in fuel economy and engine power. Emulsified diesel fuel has been the subject of several studies, and for comparative purposes in several others. This emulsified diesel fuel is a combination of diesel fuel with 20% water by weight, and an "additive package" for stabilizing the fuel-water emulsion. To mixed diesel with water we should add surfactants. The surfactants that we used are Sorbitan monoolate, NF,(Span 80), Polysorbate 60,NF,(Tween 60), Polysorbate 80,NF,(Tween 80), Triton X-100. The components required for making emulsion are mechanical agitator, diesel, distillated water,surfactants, burette, and pipette.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: Project Paper (Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Gas Technology)) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang – 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: Universities and Colleges; Dissertations; Theses; oil-in-water emulsion; water-in-oil emulsions; surfactant; particulate matter(PM); oxides of nitrogen (NOx)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Nurezzatul Akmal Salleh
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2016 01:20
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2016 01:20
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/12861
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