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Effects of Working Temperature on Thermo-Physical Properties and Forced Convection Heat Transfer of TiO2 Nanofluids in Water–Ethylene Glycol Mixture

Azmi, W. H. and Khamisah, Abdul Hamid and R., Mamat and K. V., Sharma and Mohd Sham, Mohamad (2016) Effects of Working Temperature on Thermo-Physical Properties and Forced Convection Heat Transfer of TiO2 Nanofluids in Water–Ethylene Glycol Mixture. Applied Thermal Engineering, 106. pp. 1190-1199. ISSN 1359-4311

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Abstract

Nanofluids as a new coolant have overcome the limitations in thermal performance faced by conventional fluids such as water, ethylene glycol (EG) and oil based fluids. The objective of the study is to investigate the properties and heat transfer performance of TiO2 nanofluids in water-EG mixture at different operating temperatures. The study is carried out through experimental determination on heat transfer coefficient of TiO2 nanofluids in a circular tube under turbulent flow. The thermal conductivity and viscosity measurements were undertaken for temperature in the range of 30–80 °C. The maximum enhancement of thermal conductivity achieved was 15.4% at 1.5 vol% concentration and temperature of 60 °C. The relative viscosities fluctuate at a range of 4.6–33.3% with variation of temperature. The Nusselt number showed an enhancement up to 22.8% and 28.9% for temperatures of 50 °C and 70 °C, respectively. The friction factor for the nanofluids is slightly increased with concentration. Thermal conductivity, viscosity and heat transfer coefficient of TiO2 nanofluid are strongly influenced by working temperature and concentration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thermal conductivity; Viscosity; Heat transfer; TiO2 nanofluids; Water-ethylene glycol
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre
Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre

Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 00:43
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2019 08:06
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/13564
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