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Model Validation for Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of Supercritical CO2 in Mini-Channels

N. T., Rao and A. N., Oumer and Ummu Kulthum, Jamaludin and Hassan, Ibrahim and F., Basrawi and A. Y., Adam (2017) Model Validation for Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of Supercritical CO2 in Mini-Channels. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12 (14). pp. 4312-4317. ISSN 1819-6608

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Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) at supercritical phase is being used recently in Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration (HVAC&R) industries due to its special thermal properties of supercritical CO2, which leads to better performance of heat transfer and flow characteristics. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to develop flow and heat transfer CFD models and validate the models by comparing with previous studies from literature. For the simulation, the CO2 flow was assumed to be incompressible, turbulent, non-isothermal and Newtonian. The numerical results compared with the experimental data obtained from S.M. Liao et. al. [1]. The experimental data consisted of three different cases with different inlet pressure (P), inlet temperature (Tin) and tube diameter (d). All the maximum and minimum temperature percentage differences for all three cases are in a small values. Moreover, the surface area, A of the tube is inversely proportional to heat transfer coefficient (h). Besides, the pressure drop (ΔP) for all three cases increased together with h when the tube diameters decreased. The numerical results were in good agreement with experimental results for temperature distributions. The CFD model is validated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CO2; CFD; supercritical phase; heat transfer; pressure drop; validation
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2016 04:24
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2018 01:58
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/13795
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