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A Comprehensive Microstructural Analysis of Al-WC micro- and Nano-composites Prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering

Pakdel, Amir and Witecka, Agnieszka and Rydzek, Gaulthier and Dayangku Noorfazidah, Awang Sh'ri (2017) A Comprehensive Microstructural Analysis of Al-WC micro- and Nano-composites Prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering. Materials & Design, 119. pp. 225-234. ISSN 0264-1275

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There have been many investigations on metal matrix microcomposites produced by conventional casting routes; however, in the past decade, the focus has shifted more toward nanocomposites produced via solid state routes. To have a realistic view of performance prediction and optimum design of such composites, in this work Al matrix composites (AMCs) reinforced with WC microparticles, nanoparticles, and bimodal micro-/nano-particles were prepared by spark plasma sintering. The effects of particle size and concentration, and process variables (i.e. sintering temperature, duration, and pressure) on the evolution of microstructure, density and hardness of the composites were studied comprehensively. Full densification of AMCs with high particle concentration was problematic because of ceramic cluster formations in the microstructure. This effect was more emphasized in AMCs containing nanoparticles. AMCs with microparticles were more easily densified, but their hardness benefits were inferior. On the other hand, the mixture of micro- and nano-particles in Al-WC bimodal composites led to better matrix reinforcement integrity and an overall improvement in the microstructural properties. Finally, increasing the sintering temperature improved the microstructural features and hardness of the composites (more enhanced in high wt.% samples), but sintering duration and pressure did not have a big impact on the composite properties.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composite; Nanoparticle; Microparticle; Powder metallurgy; SPS; Microstructure
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2017 03:04
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 06:24
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