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Properties of Biodiesel Derived from Vegetable Oil, Animal Fat and Waste Cooking Oil

Amir, Aziz and Atiqah, Nisfun and R., Mamat and Ahmad Fitri, Yusop and Najafi, G. (2016) Properties of Biodiesel Derived from Vegetable Oil, Animal Fat and Waste Cooking Oil. In: 6th International Conference On “Engineering & Technology, Computer, Basic & Applied Sciences-ECBA, 29-30 July 2016 , Osaka Japan. pp. 1-6.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Vegetable oil, animal fat and waste cooking oil can be derived to utilize as biodiesel. The fuel properties of biodiesel are one of the most important parameter to verify the quality of biofuel. The objective of this study is to produce biodiesel from vegetable oils and animal fat and to evaluate their potential as alternative fuel. In this research, methanol solvent (CH3OH) and sodium methoxide catalyst (CH3NaO) were used as a solvent for transesterification process. The key fuel properties such density, viscosity, cetane number, flash point, cloud point and pour point of the biodiesel were measured using the International Standard methods. All of six of crude biodiesel extracted oil namely; palm oil, corn oil, soybean, sunflower, waster cooking oil (WCO) and chicken fat were undergoing these analyses by using different analytical machine. The experimental results show that the properties of six different biodiesel meet the requirement by international standard (EN14214). As a conclusion, the study indicates that vegetable oil, animal fat and WCO derived fuel can be utilized as alternative fuel for biodiesel.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: fuel properties, biodiesel, vegetable oil, animal fat, waste cooking oil
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2016 04:45
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 08:10
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/14021
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