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Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of Sol–Gel Prepared Mesoporous Co3O4/SiO2 Nanocomposites

Ali, Gomaa A. M. and Fouad, Osama A. and Makhlouf, Salah A. (2013) Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of Sol–Gel Prepared Mesoporous Co3O4/SiO2 Nanocomposites. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 579. pp. 606-611. ISSN 0925-8388 (print), 1873-4669 (online)

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Abstract

Structures, optical and electrical properties of Co3O4/SiO2 nanocomposites are reported. Well crystalline Co3O4 nanoparticles embedded in an amorphous SiO2 matrix is formed, and confirmed by XRD and FTIR measurements upon calcination of gel precursors up to 800 °C. The obtained nanocomposites have high surface area ∼126–312 m2 g−1, and the Co3O4 particle size was ∼7–15 nm. The optical properties of the Co3O4/SiO2 nanocomposites indicate the presence of two energy gaps; both of them are smaller than those reported for the Co3O4 bulk phase. The first is varied from 1.32 to 1.44 eV and the second one is varied from 1.76 to 1.87 eV depending on the particles size. DC conductivity was measured in the temperatures range 300–673 K. The activation energy for DC conduction varies with particle size. The conduction mechanism was suggested to be through small polarons and variable range hopping mechanisms, at high and low temperatures respectively

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cobalt oxide/silica; Nanocomposite; Mesoporous structure; Optical properties; Electrical conductivity
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2016 00:56
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2016 00:56
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/14157
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