UMP Institutional Repository

Microwave Reinforced Transesterification of Rubber Seed Oil Using Waste Cement Clinker Catalyst

Hussain, Ahmad and Ali, Shahid and Iqbal, Ahmed and Jolius, Gimbun and Albeirutty, Muhammad H. and Rehan, Zulfiqar Ahmad (2016) Microwave Reinforced Transesterification of Rubber Seed Oil Using Waste Cement Clinker Catalyst. Current Nanoscience, 12 (5). pp. 576-585. ISSN 1573-4137 (Print); 1875-6786 (Online)

[img]
Preview
PDF
fkksa-2016-jolius-Microwave Reinforced Transesterification of Rubber .pdf

Download (52kB) | Preview

Abstract

In this study, the potential of limestone based catalyst on microwave assisted closed heating transesterification of Malaysian rubber seed oil (RSO) which is rich in high Free Fatty Acid (FFA) was investigated. The experimental results showed that the conversion of high FFA oil to biodiesel is very efficient compared to various catalysts. The catalytic activity is not negatively affected by the free fatty acids and can be recycled very easily. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis was also used to find the surface area of the catalyst at each cycle. The highest conversion achieved was 96.80 with catalyst concentration of 6 wt; methanol to oil molar ratio of 5:1; reaction temperature of 60C and reaction time of 60 minutes. The biodiesel produced is within the limits being prescribed by ASTM D 6751.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rubber seed oil (RSO), biodiesel, limestone catalyst
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: P. M. Dr. Jolius Gimbun
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 03:08
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2017 03:16
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/14217
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item