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Development of Solar Biomass Drying System

Atnaw, Samson M. and C. K. M., Faizal and Oumer, Abduaziz Jama (2017) Development of Solar Biomass Drying System. In: MATEC Web of Conferences: Engineering Technology International Conference 2016 (ETIC 2016), 4-5 August 2016 , Ho Chi Mini City, Vietnam. pp. 1-7., 97 (01081). ISSN 2261-236X

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper focuses on the experimental pre-treatment of biomass in agricultural site using solar energy as power source and contribution of common use and efficiency solar dryer system for consumer. The main purpose of this design for solar cabinet dryer is to dry biomass via direct and indirect heating. Direct heating is the simplest method to dry biomass by exposing the biomass under direct sunlight. The solar cabinet dryer traps solar heat to increase the temperature of the drying chamber. The biomass absorbs the heat and transforms the moisture content within the biomass into water vapour and then leaves the chamber via the exhaust air outlet. This problem however can be solved by adopting indirect solar drying system. High and controllable temperatures can be achieved as a fan is used to move the air through the solar collector. This project has successfully created a solar cabinet dryer that combines both direct and indirect solar drying systems and functions to dry biomass as well as crops effectively and efficiently with minimal maintenance. Hence, it is indeed a substitution for conventional dryers which are affordable to local farmers.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass; Solar; Heat; Energy
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Engineering Technology
Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2016 00:59
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2017 04:30
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/14254
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