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Synthesis of Nanofiltration Membrane Developed from Different Concentration of Triethanolamine (TEOA) for Separation of Xylose from Glucose

Nurul Fatihah, Mahamad Roli and Wan Mohd Hafizuddin, Wan Yussof and Syed Mohd Saufi, Tuan Chik and Mazrul Nizam, Abu Seman and Abdul W., Mohammad (2015) Synthesis of Nanofiltration Membrane Developed from Different Concentration of Triethanolamine (TEOA) for Separation of Xylose from Glucose. In: International Conference on Environment 2015 (ICENV 2015), 18-19 August 2015 , Eastin Hotel, Pulau Pinang. pp. 1-10.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Synthesis of thin film composite (TFC) nanofiltration membrane has experienced tremendous development since the concept of interfacial polymerization (IP) was first introduced. One of it new application is on the separation of xylose from glucose in biomass hydrolysate. In this present study, thin film composite (TFC) nanofiltration (NF) membrane has been produced through interfacial polymerization by manipulation the concentration of triethanolamine (TEOA) at different reaction time with 0.15 % w/v. of trimesoyl chloride (TMC). The membrane was then characterized in term of their chemical and physical properties, and separation performance between xylose and glucose. The growth of thin layer film depends on concentration of the monomer (TEOA) and reaction time. It was found that as concentration of TEOA and reaction time increased, the layer of the TFC become thicker thus decreases the permeability of the membrane. In contrast, the lowest and the highest permeability were recorded at 4% w/v of TEOA and 8% w/v of TEOA at reaction time of 35-minute in TMC, respectively. Moreover, higher sugar rejection of 0.896 % was obtained at 4% w/v TEOA after 35-minute reaction in TMC.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanofiltration; Thin film composite; Interfacial polymerization; separation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2016 08:00
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 07:41
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/14308
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