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Optimum Operating Parameters for Hollow Fiber Membranes in Direct Contact Membrane Distillation

Rashid, Khalid T. and Sunarti, Abd Rahman and Alsalhy, Qusay (2016) Optimum Operating Parameters for Hollow Fiber Membranes in Direct Contact Membrane Distillation. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 41 (7). pp. 2647-2658. ISSN 1319-8025 (print); 2191-4281 (online)

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Abstract

The aim of this study is the optimization of the operating conditions of PVDF-co-HFP hollow fiber membrane for direct contact membrane distillation applications. The influence of the operation parameters, such as the feed temperature (40–80 \({^{\circ} {C}}\)), the feed flow rate (0.3–0.6L/min), and the PVP content (0–9%), as well as the feed concentration increased from 3.5 to 5.0 wt%, and their interactions on the PVDF-co-HFP hollow fiber membrane permeate flux have been investigated. The optimum operating parameters have been specified using second-order FULL FACTORIAL and Taguchi optimization techniques to find optimum values for operation parameters in the DCMD process in order to obtain a good value of permeate flux. The results showed that PVDF-co-HFP membrane has the best performance at 21 (\({{kg/m}^{2} \,{h}}\)) when a hot feed temperature of 80\({^{\circ} {C}}\) with 0.6 L/min flow rate, 3.5wt% NaCl feed concentration and 9 wt% PVP content in the casting solution were used. The PVP % content and inlet temperature had a significant impact on the permeate flux, while feed flow rate and feed concentration have less influence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Optimization; Permeate fluxHollow fiber membrane; Operating conditions; Factorial method
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 05:50
Last Modified: 22 May 2018 07:02
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/14328
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