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Experimental and Simulation Study on Steam Gasification of Phoenix-Dactylifera Date Palm Seeds

M. E., Babiker and A. R. A., Aziz and M., Heikal and S., Yusup and Hagos, F. Y. (2016) Experimental and Simulation Study on Steam Gasification of Phoenix-Dactylifera Date Palm Seeds. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME), 13 (1). pp. 3201-3214. ISSN 1985-9325(Print); 2180-1606 (Online)

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Abstract

To predict the performance of a fluidized bed gasifier (FBG) using date palm seeds (DPSs) as feedstock, a two-phase model was developed. The model simulates the hydrodynamic, kinetic reaction and steady state operations using the Aspen plus software. Experimental works were performed to study the effect of bed temperature, steam to biomass ratio, gas yield and carbon conversion efficiency. Six varieties of date palm seeds were studied: Deglet Nour (DN), Piarom (PI), Safawi (SA), Mabroom (MA), Suffry (SU), and Aliya (AL). The experimental data was used to validate the prediction model. Materials, process energy balances along with the minimization of free energy method were considered to measure the gas mole fraction. Different reactors of Aspen simulator, namely RYield, RGibbs and RCSTR plus MATLAB models were used to investigate the behaviour of DPSs in the FBG. The results confirmed that there were significant differences between all DPS varieties and treatments. The simulated results showed a good agreement with the experimental data. The gas yield (13.4% increase), lower heating value (11.9% increase), carbon conversion efficiency (9.7% increase and steam decomposition (17% increase) improved considerably with the rise of temperature from 730°C to 800°C. Higher temperatures under steam gasification boosted the overall efficiency of the gasification process. H2 and CO production increased by as much as 35% and 29% (by volume) respectively at 800°C. CH4 contributed to the total yield of gas by a maximum of 13% and 15% for experimental and simulation works, respectively. CO2, on the other hand, showed a tendency to react positively (more than 50% of the total gas yield) at higher temperatures in both experimental and simulation studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aspen plus; Date Palm Seeds; fluidized bed gasifier; producer gas; steam gasification
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2016 01:44
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2017 03:06
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/14468
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