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Evaluation of Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) as a Potential Raw Material Source for Briquette Production

Shahabaldin, Rezania and Mohd Fadhil, Md Din and Siti Fatimah, Kamaruddin and Shazwin, Mat Taib and Singh, Lakhveer and Ee, Ling Yong and Farrah Aini, Dahalan (2016) Evaluation of Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) as a Potential Raw Material Source for Briquette Production. Energy Procedia, 111. pp. 768-773. ISSN 1876-6102

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In the present study we investigated the fuel properties of bio-briquettes made from a combination of water hyacinth and empty fruit bunch fiber (palm oil mill residue). Water hyacinth (WH) was mixed with empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibers in a ratio of 25, 50, 75, 90, and 100% by weight and cassava starch added as binder. The experimental results showed that the addition of WH had a little effect (p < 0.05) on the physical and combustion properties of the briquettes. The proximate analysis showed that the moisture content, ash content and fixed carbon content were increased with the increase in WH amount from 25 to 100%, while the volatile matter content and calorific value decreased. Combustion test showed that the increase in the WH percentage in bio-briquette resulted in the decreased of O2 and CO level, whereas, that of CO2 and NO, NO2 and SO2 were increased. Therefore, the results conclude that the WH: EFB biomass bio-briquette could be a great potential as an alternative source to conventional coal to minimize the emission of greenhouse gases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Water hyacinth; Empty fruit bunch; Briquette; Proximate analysis; Combustion
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Lakhveer Singh
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2016 03:47
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 02:24
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