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Production of Biodiesel Using Tannery Fleshing as a Feedstock: An Investigation of Feedstock Pre-Treatment Via Solid-State Fermentation

Santhana, Krishnan and Zularisam, A. W. and Singh, Lakhveer and Mimi Sakinah, A. M. (2016) Production of Biodiesel Using Tannery Fleshing as a Feedstock: An Investigation of Feedstock Pre-Treatment Via Solid-State Fermentation. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (11). pp. 7354-7357. ISSN 1819-6608

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Abstract

Depleting fossil fuel resources, increasing cost and the effect of GHGs has signalled the exploration alternative fuels for diesel engines. This study focused on transesterification using tannery fleshing as a feedstock and sodium hydroxide as a homogenous catalyst. The tannery fleshing was pre-treated via solid-state fermentation in order to reduce the free fatty acids present in it. The optimum conditions for the transesterification were: time 3 h; methanol to oil ratio 6:1 and catalyst amount 1% with highest methyl ester content at 89 wt. %.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel, catalyst, transesterification, solid-state fermentation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2016 07:05
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2018 02:27
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/15436
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