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Force Convection Heat Transfer of Al2O3 Nanofluids for Different Based Ratio of Water: Ethylene Glycol Mixture

Azmi, W. H. and N. A., Usri and R., Mamat and K. V., Sharma and M. M., Noor (2017) Force Convection Heat Transfer of Al2O3 Nanofluids for Different Based Ratio of Water: Ethylene Glycol Mixture. Applied Thermal Engineering, 112. pp. 707-719. ISSN 1359-4311

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Abstract

Nanofluids are developed to meet the challenges of improving the efficiency of the cooling system subsequently minimizing the energy waste. This paper aims to investigate the forced convection heat transfer for Al2O3 nanofluids in different based ratio of water (W) and ethylene glycol (EG) mixture. The Al2O3 nanofluids are formulated using the two-step method for three based mixture ratio of 60:40, 50:50 and 40:60 (W:EG) by volume. The forced convection experiments are conducted under constant heat flux conditions for operating temperatures of 30–70 �C and Reynolds numbers of 3000–25,000. The heat transfer coefficient of nanofluids is enhanced with concentration compare to its base fluid at all designated temperature. It is observed to be improved further with the increase of temperature. The effect of different base mixture ratio display that nanofluids in 60:40 base mixture have the highest percentage of performance with 24.6% enhancement at 1.0% concentration and temperature of 70C. The increment of concentration for nanofluids shows a slight rise in friction factor. As a conclusion, the thermo-physical properties and the forced convection heat transfer for nanofluids in various base mixture is significantly influenced by concentration, temperature and base ratio of mixture.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heat transfer; Friction factor; Nanofluids; Water-ethylene glycol mixture; Based ratio
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre
Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Wan Azmi Wan Hamzah
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2016 01:20
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 02:49
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/15466
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