Potential of Nanorefrigerant and Nanolubricant on Energy Saving in Refrigeration System – A Review

Azmi, W. H. and M. Z., Sharif and Yusof, T. M. and R., Mamat and A. A. M., Redhwan (2017) Potential of Nanorefrigerant and Nanolubricant on Energy Saving in Refrigeration System – A Review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 69. pp. 415-428. ISSN 1364-0321. (Published)

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Refrigeration system is one of the biggest reason of the expanding pattern of energy consumption, thus, energy saving is one of the best approach to overcome this issue. Nanofluids show extraordinary potential in upgrading the thermodynamic and mechanical performance of the refrigeration system. In the refrigeration system, the effort to improve the efficiency of the system is by introducing nanoparticles in refrigerant(nanorefrigerant) and in lubricant (nanolubricant). In this paper, a comprehensive review is carried out to investigate the impact of nanorefrigerant and nanolubricant on energy saving. The overview consists of properties enhancement of nanorefrigerant and nanolubricant, tribological performance, heat transfer enhancement, performance in heat exchanger, improvement in refrigeration system and pressure drop characteristic. The previous results showed that the best energy saving with 21% less energy used was with the use of 0.5% volume ZnO-R152a refrigerant nanolubricant. Both the suction pressure and discharge pressure were brought down by 10.5% when nanorefrigerant was utilized. The evaporator temperature was lessened by 6% with the utilization of nanorefrigerant. The replacement of R134a with R152a gives a green and clean environment, with zero ozone depleting potential (ODP) and less global warming potential (GWP). The performance of refrigeration system was significantly enhanced.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanorefrigerant; Nanolubricant; Refrigeration system; Energy saving
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre
Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Dr. Wan Azmi Wan Hamzah
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2017 07:15
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 04:21
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/15468
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