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Effects Of Reinforcing Arrangement Of Kenaf Fibres Into Unsaturated Polyester For Improved Properties

Islam, M. R. and Beg, M. D. H. (2016) Effects Of Reinforcing Arrangement Of Kenaf Fibres Into Unsaturated Polyester For Improved Properties. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences (JMES) , 10 (2). pp. 2020-2030. ISSN 2289-4659 (print); 2231-8380 (online)

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Abstract

In this current study, the mechanical, structural and morphological properties of kenaf fibre based polyester composites based on reinforcing arrangement were investigated. Fibres were placed in layers into the resin to enhance reinforcement. A hand lay-up technique was used to prepare the sandwich composite. Composites were characterized by tensile, flexural and impact testing. The structural properties as well as crystalline behaviour were observed by X-ray diffraction analysis. Additionally, the surface of the fractured samples was also examined using scanning electron microscopy to understand the interaction behaviour between the fibres and matrix. Results of the analyses revealed that single layered kenaf mat enhanced the tensile strength by 80%, whereas the double layered improved by 156%, in the presence of a fixed amount of curing agent. The thermal properties of the composites based on double layered kenaf mat were also found to improve compared to the others. The double layered composites can be used as high temperature-sustained roofing materials to replace traditional products.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polyesters; composites; kenaf fibres; mechanical properties; thermal properties
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2017 07:47
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 06:33
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/16186
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