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Spherical Nanocrystalline Cellulose (NCC) from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Pulp via Ultrasound Assisted Hydrolysis

Zianor Azrina, Z. A. and Beg, M. D. H. and R. M., Yunus and Ridzuan, Ramli and Norhafzan, Junadi and A. K. M., Moshiul Alam (2017) Spherical Nanocrystalline Cellulose (NCC) from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Pulp via Ultrasound Assisted Hydrolysis. Carbohydrate Polymers, 162. pp. 115-120. ISSN 0144-8617

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Abstract

Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) was isolated from oil palm empty fruit bunch pulp (EFBP) using ultrasound assisted acid hydrolysis. The obtained NCC was analysed using FESEM, XRD, FTIR, and TGA, and compared with raw empty fruit bunch fibre (REFB), empty fruit bunch pulp (EFBP), and treated empty fruit bunch pulp (TEFBP). Based on FESEM analysis, it was found that NCC has a spherical shaped after acid hydrolysis with the assistance of ultrasound. This situation was different compared to previous studies that obtained rod-like shaped of NCC. Furthermore, the crystallinity of NCC is higher compared to REFB and EFBP. According to thermal stability, the NCC obtained shows remarkable sign of high thermal stability compared to REFB and EFBP.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC); Ultrasound assisted acid hydrolysis; Raw empty fruit bunch fibre (REFB)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2017 08:17
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2018 04:15
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/16397
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