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Analysis of Microwave Heating Process for Demulsification of Water-in-Crude Oil Emulsions

Akbari, Sweeta and Nour, A. H. and Fayaz, Fahim and Halimi, Mohammad Sediq and Nazari, Ahmadshah (2016) Analysis of Microwave Heating Process for Demulsification of Water-in-Crude Oil Emulsions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 10 (17 Sp.). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1991-8178

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Abstract

In this investigation, the process of microwave heating technology was evaluated to measure the effect of some important parameters such as dielectric properties (έ and ɛʺ), rate of temperature increase (dT/dt), volume rate of heat generation (Qmw), wavelength (λ) and penetration depth (Dp) during the microwave irradiation on crude oil emulsions. Two types of Malaysian crude oil mixed together at a volume ratio of 50-50% and applied for further investigations. In order to ensure the efficiency of the process, the improvement of existing techniques and the development of new technology different ratios of water and oil were utilized to prepare the emulsions of water-in-crude oil (W/O). The emulsion samples were heated under 360 watt and 540 watt for 3 to 5 minutes. The findings of the microwave heating demulsification showed that higher microwave power (540 watt) along with the radiation time (5 min) were not much effective for water separation. This is because of the over boiling of the samples. Consequently, for microwave heating demulsification the best water separation efficiency was achieved at 3 (minutes), 360 (watt). Based on the result of microwave parameter’s calculations, it was found that parameters such as; dT/dt, Qmw, έ and ɛʺ, were inversely proportional to the radiation time. However, parameters such as λ and Dp were directly proportional to the time of the radiation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Water-in-crude oil emulsion; Demulsification; Microwave heating; Calculation of parameter
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 07:09
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2018 00:36
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/17279
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