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Effect of Mixing towards the Production of Carbonaceous Kenaf Fiber via Hydrothermal Carbonization Process

Munirah Ezzah, Tuan Zakaria and Norlirabiatuladawiyah, Che Ani and Saidatul Shima, Jamari and Suriati, Ghazali and Khan, Tanveer Ahmed and Mohd Faizal, Ali (2016) Effect of Mixing towards the Production of Carbonaceous Kenaf Fiber via Hydrothermal Carbonization Process. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 10 (17 Sp.). pp. 122-127. ISSN 1991-8178

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Abstract

Hydrothermal carbonization process (HTC) is a relatively simple method to convert biomass to carbonaceous material that involves reaction in a closed system. HTC is convenient, fast and environmentally friendly way to convert biomass into higher value of carbonaceous material. A comparison on the carbon percentage produced from HTC using Kenaf fiber is performed and the optimum HTC operating condition of Kenaf fiber is aimed. The heating process is carried out using two different conditions, with and without stirring at different time period which is 2 hours, 4 hours, 6 hours, 8 hours and 10 hours at constant temperature of 225 °C. Vario Micro CHNS Analyzer used to determine the element values in the sample shows that for sample without stirring, sample heated for 2 hour produces lowest carbon percentage which is 52.51% and sample heated for 10 hour produces the highest carbon percentage which is 60.20% similar trend was obtained for the stirring sample heated for 2 hour produces 48.43% and sample heated for 10 hour produces 56.73%. The percentage of carbon increase as the longer time period of heating. Based on the results, samples without stirring obtain the higher percentages of carbon content compared to the samples with stirring at 10 hour operating time.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kenaf Carbonaceous Fiber; Hydrothermal Carbonization Process; (HTC) Biomass Biochar
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 07:48
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2018 01:00
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/17294
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