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Study of sand brick ratio 13 for partial replacement of sand with palm kernel shells (0%, 10% and 20%)

Maisarah, Abdullah (2017) Study of sand brick ratio 13 for partial replacement of sand with palm kernel shells (0%, 10% and 20%). Faculty of Civil Engineering and Earth Resources, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

In this study, samples of sand brick that added with palm kernel shells (PKS) are produced to determine the best compressive strength of sand brick and to identify the best water absorption of sand brick with different percentages. There are 3 different percentages which are 0%, 10% and 20% will be replaced with the sand. The size of sand brick is 225mm x 113mm x 75mm. There are 120 bricks with three different percentage of ratio palm kernel shells are produced 20 samples for each percentage for 7 days and 28 days to get the average results of the compressive strength and water absorption. The outcome of these results is to compare the compressive strength and water absorption of sand brick are replaced with palm kernel shells and control samples. From the average of compressive strength by using air curing is decrease from 34.06 N/mm2 until 22.66 N/mm2 for 7 days and from 36.04 N/mm2 until 24.86 N/mm2 for 28 days while using water curing method also decrease from 33.00 N/mm2 until 22.32 N/mm2 for 7 days and from 34.63 N/mm2 until 23.52 N/mm2. Then, the average for water absorption by using air curing is increase from 2.41% until 5.35% for 7 days and from 2.64% until 6.33% for 28 days while by using water curing also increase from 2.67% until 6.24% for 7 days and from 2.94% until 6.63% for 28 days. This study will be useful to improve the strength of the sand brick by using smaller percentage from this study.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: Project Paper (Bachelors of Civil Engineering) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang – 2017, SV: SHARIZA BINTI MAT ARIS, NO CD: 10648
Uncontrolled Keywords: sand brick; palm kernel shells
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Civil Engineering & Earth Resources
Depositing User: Ms. Nurezzatul Akmal Salleh
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2017 00:46
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2018 06:00
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/18080
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