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Importance of Lignin on the Properties of Binderless Particleboard Made From Oil Palm Trunk

Boon, Jia Geng and Rokiah, Hashim and Othman, Sulaiman and Sugimoto, Tomoko and Sato, Masatoshi and Nurjannah, Salim and M. H. M., Amini and Sitti Fatimah, M. R. and Nor Izaida, Ibrahim (2017) Importance of Lignin on the Properties of Binderless Particleboard Made From Oil Palm Trunk. ARPN Journal of Engineering & Applied Sciences, 12 (1). pp. 33-40. ISSN 1819-6608

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Abstract

This study investigated the influence of soda lignin extracts from oil palm on the binderless particleboard properties especially in against moisture. Characterization analysis of oil palm soda lignin, including carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur elemental analysis, ash content, infrared spectra via fourier transform spectrometer, glass transition point, and thermal decomposition were conducted. Moisture resistant properties including thickness swelling, and dimensional changes with changes of relative humidity of binderless board with lignin add-on were investigated. Mechanical strength properties including modulus of rupture and internal bond strength were evaluated. Scanning electron microscopy image of specimens was inspected. Lignin was statistically significant influencing the properties of oil palm binderless particleboard. All specimens with lignin added showed better performances than control specimens that without lignin add-on. Binderless board with 5% lignin add-on showed the best result in moisture resistant properties and mechanical properties.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oil palm trunk; Soda lignin; Binderless particleboard
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Nurjannah Salim
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 02:19
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2018 01:14
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/18275
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