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Synthesis and Lithium Storage Properties of Zn, Co and Mg doped SnO2 Nano Materials

Nithyadharseni, P. and Abhilash, K. P. and Petnikota, Shaikshavali and Anilkumar, M.R. and Rajan, Jose and Ozoemena, K.I. and Vijayaraghavan, R. and Kulkarni, Pranav and Balakrishna, Geetha and Chowdari, B. V. R. and Adams, Stefan and Reddy, M. V. (2017) Synthesis and Lithium Storage Properties of Zn, Co and Mg doped SnO2 Nano Materials. Electrochimica Acta, 247. pp. 358-370. ISSN 0013-4686

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Abstract

In this paper, we show that magnesium and cobalt doped SnO2 (Mg-SnO2 and Co-SnO2) nanostructures have profound influence on the discharge capacity and coulombic efficiency of lithium ion batteries (LIBs) employing pure SnO2 and zinc doped SnO2 (Zn-SnO2) as benchmark materials. The materials were synthesized via sol-gel technique. The structural, chemical and morphological characterization indicates that the Zn, Mg and Co dopants were effectively implanted into the SnO2 lattice and that Co doping significantly reduced the grain growth. The electrochemical performances of the nanoparticles were investigated using galvanostatic cycling, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The Co-SnO2 electrode delivered a reversible capacity of around 575 mAh g−1 at the 50th cycle with capacity retention of ∼83% at 60 mA g−1current rate. A capacity of ∼415 mAh g−1 when cycling at 103 mA g−1and >60% improvement in coulombic efficiency compared to the pure compound clearly demonstrate the superiority of Co-SnO2 electrodes. The improved electrochemical properties are attributed to the reduction in particle size of the material up to a few nanometers, which efficiently reduced the distance of lithium diffusion pathway and reduction in the volume change by alleviating the structural strain caused during the Li+ intake/outtake process. The EIS analyses of the electrodes corroborated the difference in electrochemical performances of the electrodes: the Co-SnO2 electrode showed the lowest resistance at different voltages during cycling among other electrodes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexes in Scopus. IF:4.798
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy storage materials; Electrodes; Electrochemical properties; Strain engineering
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 04:34
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2018 02:55
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/18326
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