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Future prospects of biobased detergent derived from Jatropha c. seeds oil (JSO)

Said, N. and Nor Hidayah, Kamin and M. V., Sivaguru and Nur Syazwani, Ghazali and Mohamad Zaki, Sahad and Siti Farhana, Haron (2017) Future prospects of biobased detergent derived from Jatropha c. seeds oil (JSO). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 11 (3 Special). pp. 79-84. ISSN 1991-8178

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Abstract

Commercialized detergents are synthesized by using either branched-chain alkylbenzenesulfonate (ABS) or linear chain alkylbenzenesulfonate (LABS) which contributes to environment issues. To alleviate these issues, Jatropha c. seeds oil (JSO) was used as a potential feedstock of biobased detergent (biodetergent) synthesis. The JSO utilization as non-petroleum sources using potassium hydroxide-hydrogen peroxide technique (POHYPET) was conducted at 40°C. After pretreatment and analysis of JSO, the hydrogen peroxide and sulphuric acid were mixed in a bath stirrer flask. The pH was also controlled, and the added hydrogen peroxide was maintained until the foam quieted down. Objective: This work aimed to synthesize biodetergent from non-edible JSO containing fatty acid as a promising raw material. Effects of processing time, temperature and alkaline concentration on Jatropha c. seed oil biodetergent (JASOB) yield were also investigated. Results: The highest biodetergent yield (88%) was found at the potassium hydroxide concentration of 0.8 M, treatment time of 2 h and operation temperature of 80°C. The physicochemical properties of the examined JASOB was indicated at the foam height (0.7-2.3), emulsification with oil (D), hard water interface (L) and pH (8-9). These performances of JASOB fulfilled the required essential criteria of detergent standard. Conclusion: The obtained JASOB using POPYHET provides impactful results compared another biosurfactants sources, and the prospects of JSO can be deliberated as a renewal of fossil derived surfactants for future biodetergent.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: JSO, fatty acids, POHYPET, foam, biodetergen
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2018 02:51
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2018 02:51
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/18801
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