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Enhanced Degradation Properties Of Polypropylene Integrated With Iron And Cobalt Stearates And Its Synthetic Application

Malini, Subramaniam and Sharma, Swati and Gupta, Arun and Norhayati, Abdullah (2018) Enhanced Degradation Properties Of Polypropylene Integrated With Iron And Cobalt Stearates And Its Synthetic Application. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 135 (12). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1097-4628

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Abstract

Synthetic plastic leads to environmental contamination, and a promising solution to this problem is to use prooxidants as fillers within them to speed up the photooxidation and thermooxidation processes. This makes plastics more susceptible to biodegradation. In this study, the degradation properties of the widely used polymer polypropylene (PP) were improved by integration with cobalt stearate (CoSt2) and iron stearate (FeSt3) as prooxidants with accelerating weathering degradation. The metal stearates were blended with PP in the concentration range 0.1–0.9% w/w. The properties of the blends were studied by mechanical properties testing, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and water absorption measurement. We performed the degradation properties and thermooxidative studies by conducting an accelerated weathering test on PP–metal salt blends. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy analysis of the samples before and after the accelerated weathering test were performed to study the extent of degradation in PP-based metal salt blends. The results indicate that the tensile strength was inversely proportional to the concentration of metal stearates, and the samples showed an increased degree in polymer crystallinity (PPFe5 > PPCo5), and this led to the degradation of PP in less time. CoSt2 predominantly enhanced the degradation of PP in comparison to FeSt3. Food containers and pots were constructed with the tailored polymers of PP in the injection-molding machine. Thus, metal-stearate-integrated polymers have great industrial potential to generate value-added products.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: blends; degradation; extrusion; mechanical properties; thermal properties
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2017 06:43
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2018 06:47
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/19704
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