Electrogenic and Anti-Methanogenic Properties of Bacillus cereus for Enhanced Power Generation in Anaerobic Sludge Driven Microbial Fuel Cell

Islam, M. Amirul and Ethiraj, Baranitharan and Cheng, C. K. and Yousuf, Abu and Khan, Maksudur R. (2017) Electrogenic and Anti-Methanogenic Properties of Bacillus cereus for Enhanced Power Generation in Anaerobic Sludge Driven Microbial Fuel Cell. Energy & Fuels, 31 (6). pp. 6132-6139. ISSN 0887-0624

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Abstract

Mutual interactions between microorganisms play a vital role in the formation of electroactive biofilms, which is a key element in the longevity and success of bioelectrochemical systems. The present study was intended to examine both the electrogenic properties of B. cereus and its ability to inhibit methanogenesis in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The potential influence of the incorporation of B. cereus into anaerobic sludge (AS) on the electrochemical activity was assessed using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analyses. The CV of MFCs with B. cereus showed a strong redox peak, suggesting that B. cereus has electrogenetic properties. Moreover, the incorporation of B. cereus into AS provided an enhancement in the power generation (4.83 W/m3) and the CE (22%) of the MFC compared to the corresponding values for an MFC inoculated solely with AS (1.82 W/m3, 12%). The increase in power generation could be due to the antimethanogenic property of B. cereus, which was evident from the 54% reduction in methane production. The results of this study suggest that the incorporation of microorganisms with electrogenic and antimethanogenic properties into AS promotes the formation of electroactive biofilms and maximizes the power generation of MFCs by suppressing the methanogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacillus cereus; Bacteriology; Biofilms; Cyclic voltammetry; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; Fuel cells; Microorganisms
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. MD Maksudur Rahman Khan
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2018 01:18
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 01:18
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/19919
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