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Hybrid Electric Vehicle Car Body Drag Analysis using Computational Fluid Dynamics

D., Ramasamy and Mohanesan, K and K., Kadirgama and M. M., Noor and M. M., Rahman (2017) Hybrid Electric Vehicle Car Body Drag Analysis using Computational Fluid Dynamics. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME), 14 (3). pp. 4496-4507. ISSN 1985-9325(Print); 2180-1606 (Online)

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Abstract

Aerodynamics drag was considered for giving better efficiency for a car on the road. The development of drag on a vehicle body was studied. The main objective was to determine the maximum drag occurring on the car body drag of the hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). The analysis was conducted on the car speed ranging between 40 km/h to 110 km/h using pressure points at various parts of the car. The car body was modelled in CAD using the mass and momentum equations discretized for an analysis. The technique to estimate the drag used was input of car body-drag (CFD) and exporting it to finite element analysis (FEA) to find the value of aerodynamics drag in terms of drag forces and drag coefficient. The values were validated with actual pressure reading from pressure probes on the car body. The result showed that contour and trajectories plots were also used to analyse the characteristics of streamlines flow or boundary layer occurred on the body of this model, especially for the forebody, upper body and rear body. The maximum rise of aerodynamics drag occurred between velocities of 80 km/h and 90 km/h which was about 5.04 % increase of drag coefficient. Further analysis is required with wind tunnels.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Modelling; simulation; CFD; FEM; drag force; drag coefficient
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Mustafizur Rahman
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 08:13
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2018 08:13
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/20065
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