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Comparative study of Ni-Ce loading method: Beneficial effect of ultrasonic-assisted impregnation method in CO2 reforming of CH4 over Ni-Ce/SBA-15

Setiabudi, H. D. and Chong, Chi Cheng and Abed, S. M. and Teh, L. P. and Chin, S. Y. (2018) Comparative study of Ni-Ce loading method: Beneficial effect of ultrasonic-assisted impregnation method in CO2 reforming of CH4 over Ni-Ce/SBA-15. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 6 (1). pp. 745-753. ISSN 2213-3437

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Abstract

A series of Ni-Ce/SBA-15 catalysts with 6 wt% Ce and 5 wt% Ni were synthesized using conventional impregnation (Ni-Ce/SBA-15(C-‎IM)), ultrasonic-assisted ‎impregnation (Ni-Ce/SBA-15(US-IM)) and reflux-assisted impregnation (Ni-Ce/SBA-15(R-IM)) methods The samples were characterized using XRD, TEM, SEM, BET, FTIR, H2-TPR, XPS and TGA. The characterization results showed that Ni-Ce loading methods greatly influence the properties of Ni-Ce/SBA-15 whereby the homogeneity of metal dispersion and strength of metal-support interaction followed the order of Ni-Ce/SBA-15(C-IM) < Ni-Ce/SBA-15(R-IM) < Ni-Ce/SBA-15(US-IM). The smaller metal particle size and higher metal dispersion in Ni-Ce/SBA-15(US-IM) have led to the stronger metal-support interaction and further decreased the surface area and porosity of the catalyst. The activity and stability of catalysts followed the order of Ni-Ce/SBA-15(C-IM) < Ni-Ce/SBA-15(R-IM) < Ni-Ce/SBA-15(US-IM), with the conversion of CH4 and CO2 over Ni-Ce/SBA-15(US-IM) was about 96.3% and 93.5%, respectively, and H2/CO ratio of 1.02 at reaction temperature of 800 °C and almost remained constant during 48 h of reaction. The superior catalytic performance of Ni-Ce/SBA-15(US-IM) probably was related with the smaller metal particles, stronger metal-support interaction and more homogenous metal dispersion, which altered the properties of catalyst towards an excellent catalytic performance. The characterization of spent catalysts showed the lowest carbon formation in Ni-Ce/SBA-15(US-IM) catalyst, demonstrating the positive role of ultrasonic effect on alteration of catalyst properties towards carbon resistance. This study provides new perspective on the preparation of Ni-Ce/SBA-15 towards an excellent performance of CO2 reforming of CH4.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ni-Ce/SBA-15; CO2 dry reforming; Ni-Ce loading methods; Ultrasonic-assisted ‎impregnation; Metal-support interaction
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2018 04:01
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2019 02:02
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/20331
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