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Synthesis And Swelling Behavior Of Agro-Waste Based Superabsorbent Composites

Khairatun Najwa, Mohd Amin and Nurul Sa'aadah, Sulaiman and Muhammad Shahir, Hasan and Ainun Jariah, Sansuri (2011) Synthesis And Swelling Behavior Of Agro-Waste Based Superabsorbent Composites. In: 5th International Congress of Chemistry and Environment (ICCE 2011), 27-29 May 2011 , Port Dickson. pp. 1-5.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Superabsorbent polymer composites (SPC) based on acrylic acid and rice husk (RH) was synthesized through a solution polymerization to improve water absorbency and reduce production cost. The SPC was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The objectives of this research to synthesis RH based SPC by determine the effect of amount RH, and cross-linker agent N,N’-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA), towards swelling behavior of SPC in water and saline solution. Experiments have been done by used RH contents in range of 576 to 864 mg and for amount of MBA content evaluate in range of 11.44 to 22.88 mg. The swelling behaviors have been investigated by measured the water absorption of rice husk-g-poly (acrylic acid). The water absorbency determined by using tea-bag method. The result showed as the amount of RH was increased, the water absorbency also increase. The maximum absorbency 4.8745 g/g in distilled water was obtained. The effect of MBA content result show the water absorption increases with increase of the cross-linker amount in the range of from 11.44 to 14.3 mg. Then, water absorption decreases with further increased of cross-linker amount. The maximum absorbency of 4.221 g/g in distilled water was obtained. The swelling behavior in saline solution also has been investigated. The result shows that water absorbency give insignificant value in saline solution compare to absorbency value in distilled water.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Also presented at The 12th Pacific Polymer Conferenc, Jeju Island Korea, 13-17 Nov 2011
Uncontrolled Keywords: Superabsorbent composites; Swelling behavior; Water absorbency; Rice husk
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2011 08:07
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2018 03:55
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/2035
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