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In-Situ Transesterification Of Spent Bleaching Clay Using CaO Supported On ZnO As A Basic Catalyst

Intan Shafinaz, Abd Manaf and Nurul Hajar, Embong and Mohd Hasbi, Ab. Rahim and Gaanty Pragas, Maniam (2016) In-Situ Transesterification Of Spent Bleaching Clay Using CaO Supported On ZnO As A Basic Catalyst. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (11). pp. 7229-7232. ISSN 1819-6608

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Abstract

Shrinking fossil fuels sources, accelerating prices and the effect of its usage on the environment have indicate to the exploration for alternative fuels for diesel engines. This study focus on in-situ transesterification using barnacle shell supported on ZnO as a basic heterogeneous catalyst and spent bleaching clay as feedstock. The catalyst was characterized using XRD, FTIR, BET, FESEM and basicity. The optimum conditions for the process were: time 4 h; catalyst amount 2% (SBC weight); methanol to oil molar ratio 150:1; and co-solvent (petroleum ether to hexane, 1:1 mass ratio) with highest methyl ester content at 77 wt.%.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel; catalyst; in-situ transesterification; spent bleaching clay.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2018 07:42
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2018 08:01
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/20357
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