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Characteristics of alkaline treated fiberpolypropylene biocomposite

Siti Nor Aishah, Yusoff and Ng, Yik Ru and Noor Ida Amalina, Ahamad Nordin (2017) Characteristics of alkaline treated fiberpolypropylene biocomposite. In: Wood and Biofiber International Conference (WOBIC 2017), 21-23 November 2017 , Bandar Baru Bangi. .

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Abstract

Nowadays, natural fiber has play important role as reinforcements for composite materials. The increasing demand for natural fiber as reinforced material in biocomposite is due to its inexpensive material, abundantly available and have reasonable strength. Biocomposite also can be applied in wide range of application. In this work, coir fiber was treated with NaOH at concentration of 3 and 5 wt % at room temperature. Then, 30 wt % of treated fiber with size of 160-250 μm was mixed with polypropylene by using extruder. Alkali treatment improved the morphology and thermal stability of coir fiber. From TG analysis, treated fiber had 25 % residue at 600 °C which was 50 % higher than untreated coir fiber. The residue leave mainly containing lignin and ash. This mean that hydrophobicity of treated fiber was improved. Biocomposites prepared from treated coir fiber (5 wt % of NaOH) reinforced PP with 30 wt % fiber content had tensile strength 40 % higher than untreated biocomposite . The hydrophobicity of the treated fiber improved resulted to better adhesion between fiber and polymer. Water absorption of biocomposite prepared from treated fiber was lower than untreated coir fiber biocomposite. From the findings, it is suggested that coir fiber can be used as reinforced material in polymer matrix.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lignocellulose; Coir fiber; Polypropylene; Alkali treatment; Tensile strength
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2019 06:41
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2019 06:41
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/20997
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