A blind multiple watermarks based on human visual characteristics

Ernawan, Ferda and Zuriani, Mustaffa and Liew, Siau-Chuin and Kohbalan, Moorthy (2018) A blind multiple watermarks based on human visual characteristics. International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), 8 (4). pp. 2578-2587. ISSN 2088-8708. (Published)

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Digital watermarking is an alternative solution to prevent unauthorized duplication, distribution and breach of ownership right. This paper proposes a watermarking scheme for multiple watermarks embedding. The embedding of multiple watermarks use a block-based scheme based on human visual characteristics. A threshold is used to determine the watermark values by modifying first column of the orthogonal U matrix obtained from Singular Value Decomposition (SVD). The tradeoff between normalize cross-correlation and imperceptibility of watermarked image from quantization steps was used to achieve an optimal threshold value. The results show that our proposed multiple watermarks scheme exhibit robustness against signal processing attacks. The proposed scheme demonstrates that the watermark recovery from chrominance blue was resistant against different types of attacks.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arnold scrambling; Human visual characteristic; Image watermarking; Multiple watermarks; Singular value decomposition
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Computer System And Software Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 23 May 2018 06:05
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2020 07:07
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/21057
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