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Characterization of industrial wastes as raw materials for emulsified modified bitumen (EMB) formulation

Mohd Najib, Razali and Syarifah Nur Ezatie, Mohd Isa and Noor Adilah, Md Salehan and Musfafikri, Musa and Mohd Aizudin, Abd Aziz and Nour, A. H. and R. M., Yunus (2018) Characterization of industrial wastes as raw materials for emulsified modified bitumen (EMB) formulation. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering: International Conference on Innovative Technology, Engineering and Sciences 2018, iCITES 2018, 01-02 March 2018 , Pekan Campus Library Pekan, Pahang. pp. 1-8., 342 (1). ISSN 17578981

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Abstract

This study was conducted to characterize industrial wastes for the formulation of emulsified modified bitumen (EMB), in relation to their physical characteristics and elemental compositions. The aim was to determine which raw materials from industrial wastes could be used for EMB formulation. Bitumen is produced from crude oil extracted from the ground, which categorizes crude oil as one of the non-renewable fossil fuels. Various environmental issues that have risen in Malaysia are caused by the excessive manufacturing activities and the miss-management of industrial wastes. In an effort to mitigate these issues, industrial wastes are being used in various EMB formulations. Industrial wastes, such as polystyrene, polyethylene, and used automotive oil can be used as alternatives to formulate bitumen. Normally, a suitable emulsifier is needed to produce the final product, which is EMB. The emulsifier will yield a charge, depending on its properties, to bind the oily bitumen with water. In this current study, physical characteristic studies were performed using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), flash point test, density test, and moisture content test. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis was also performed to determine the material’s molecular composition and structure.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Index by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Emulsified Modified Bitumen (EMB); Non-renewable; Polyethylene; Polystyrene; Used Automotive Oil; Emulsifier
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2018 03:20
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2018 03:20
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/21329
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