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Production of multiple biofuels from whole camelina material: a renewable energy crop

Mohammad, Balsam T. and Al-Shannag, Mohammad and Alnaief, Mohammad and Singh, Lakhveer and Singsaas, Eric and Alkasrawi, Malek (2018) Production of multiple biofuels from whole camelina material: a renewable energy crop. BioResources, 13 (3). pp. 4870-4883. ISSN 1930-2126 (Print); 1930-2126 (Online)

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Abstract

Camelina sativa is a cool-season oil seed crop that has been proven to produce various biofuels. The present study investigated the technical possibilities of using whole camelina biomass as a model feedstock in a biorefinery. This investigation examined the possibilities of using camelina seeds as a source of oil for biodiesel, sugars for ethanol, and meal for one-portfolio products. The camelina harvest residues (straw) can serve as the main source for green sugars. This study found that the energy input for the whole biorefinery process was 25.1 MJ/L ethanol, while the energy output was 54.3 MJ/L ethanol. The net energy ratio of 2.16 MJ/L ethanol was found to be competitive with other energy crops. The process was environmentally friendly, and it reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 40% if the produced biodiesel replaced petroleum diesel. The seed meals and glycerin were found to be a good source of revenue as high value-added products and can provide an additional revenue of $1/kg of produced oil.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Camelina seed; Meal; Enzymatic hydrolysis; Biodiesel; Net energy ratio; Bioethanol
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2018 07:28
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2018 06:34
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/21736
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