Investigation of the emission characteristics of iso-butanol additives on methanol-gasoline blends using spark ignition engine

Hazim, Sharudin and Nik Rosli, Abdullah and M. N. A. M., Yusof and H. H., Masjuki and Ali, Obed Majeed (2017) Investigation of the emission characteristics of iso-butanol additives on methanol-gasoline blends using spark ignition engine. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, S4 (1). pp. 93-106. ISSN 1823-5514 (Print); 2550-164X (Online). (Unpublished) (Unpublished)

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Lower emissions of spark ignition engine can be achieved by using alcohol fuels such as methanol as it is more environmental advantage over fossil fuel. The methanol fuels can be further improved by added with iso-butanol as it have higher energy content and able to displace more gasoline fuel. Nevertheless, the research on the addition of lower ratio iso-butanol in methanol-gasoline blends specifically on exhaust emission is still not investigated thoroughly. Therefore, this study will focus on investigating the effect of iso-butanol additive on methanol-gasoline blends on the emission characteristics of spark ignition engine. The lower percentage (5%) of methanol-gasoline fuels was added with lower ratio of iso-butanol (5-15%) with 5% of volume increment. The experimental test were carried out on a 1.6-litre four-cylinder spark ignition engine at a fixed speed of 4000 rpm with increasing engine load form 10 Nm until 100 Nm. The results showed that the iso-butanol additive in methanol-gasoline blends was efficient to reduce the carbon monoxide (CO) and unburned hydrocarbon (HC) formation compared to base fuel. Among all tested fuels, M5B15 (Iso-butanol 15% + Methanol 5% + Gasoline 80%) blend gave lower CO and HC emissions by 12.45% and 16.18% at 100 Nm. Meanwhile, oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions were higher for all methanol-gasoline blends with iso-butanol additives compared with that base gasoline. M5B15 blends gives higher emissions of NOx and CO2 by 11.45% and 11.74% at 100 Nm. This study summarized that iso-butanol additives can be applied in low percentage methanol-gasoline blends without any modification on the current existing engine, therefore reducing any serious environment impact.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Methanol; Iso-butanol; Fuel properties; Spark ignition engine; Exhaust emissions
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2018 03:00
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2018 03:00
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