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Microwave-assisted extraction of Vernonia amygdalina leaf for optimal recovery of total phenolic content

Alara, Oluwaseun Ruth and Nour, A. H. and Siti Kholijah, Abdul Mudalip and Olalere, Olusegun Abayomi (2018) Microwave-assisted extraction of Vernonia amygdalina leaf for optimal recovery of total phenolic content. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 10. pp. 16-24. ISSN 2214-7861

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Abstract

The microwave-assisted extraction conditions for the optimal yield of extracts and total phenolic content (TPC) from Vernonia amygdalina leaf were optimized using a face-centered central composite design of response surface methodology. The independent parameters were viz: irradiation time (5–15 min), microwave power (400–600 W), temperature (90–110 °C), and feed-to-solvent ratio (1:8–1:12 g/mL). The optimal conditions for highest yield of extract (22.34% w/w) and TPC (102.24 mg GAE/g d.w.) were obtained at irradiation time of 8 min, microwave power of 416 W, temperature of 100 °C, and feed-to-solvent ratio of 1:8 g/mL. The quadratic model significantly (p < 0.0001) fitted the experimental data with R2 values of 0.9664 and 0.9885 for the responses (extraction yield and TPC), respectively. Furthermore, the efficiency of MAE was compared with Soxhlet, it was observed that the yields, antioxidant activity and functional groups from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis was higher than that of the Soxhlet extract.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Total phenolic content; V. amygdalina; Extraction; Antioxidant
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Abdurahman Nour
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2018 06:19
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2019 01:34
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/21928
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