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Experimental Investigation on Performance of Short Pineapple Leaf Fiber Reinforced Tapioca Biopolymer Composites

Jamiluddin, Jaafar and Siregar, J. P. and A. N., Oumer and Mohammad Hazim, M. Hamdan and Tezara, C. and Mohd Sapuan, Salit (2018) Experimental Investigation on Performance of Short Pineapple Leaf Fiber Reinforced Tapioca Biopolymer Composites. BioResources, 13 (3). pp. 6341-6355. ISSN 1930-2126

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Abstract

The performance of short pineapple leaf fiber (PALF) reinforced tapioca biopolymer (TBP) composites were investigated, specifically the effect of fiber length and fiber composition on mechanical properties (tensile properties, flexural strength, and impact strength). Composite samples with different fiber lengths (< 0.50 mm, 0.51 mm to 1.00 mm, and 1.01 mm to 2.00 mm) and different fiber compositions (10%, 20%, 30%, and 40%) were prepared through crushing, sieving, internal mixing, compression molding, and machining processes. The combination of PALF and TBP enhanced the mechanical properties of composites with 30% as the optimum fiber content. However, the influence of different fiber lengths up to 2.00 mm provided no significant effect on producing maximum tensile properties. Good interfacial adhesion between PALF and TBP was evident from scanning electron microscopy analysis. Therefore, the combination of PALF and TBP has great potential as a renewable and biodegradable polymer. Moreover, PALF-TBP composites are expected to become alternatives to petroleum-based polymers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed in Web of Science (Q2, Impact Factor: 1.202)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bio-composites; Natural fiber composites; Pineapple leaf fiber; Starch-based polymer; Tapioca biopolymer
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ir. Dr. Jamiluddin Jaafar
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2018 04:45
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2018 04:45
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/21939
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