Dependence of magnetic and microwave loss on evolving microstructure in yttrium iron garnet

Rodziah, Nazlan and Ismayadi, Ismail and Raba’ah Syahidah, Azis and Zulkifly, Abbas and Idza Riati, Ibrahim and Fadzidah, Mohd Idris and Farah Nabilah, Shafiee and Azdiya Suhada, Aripin and Nurul Ainaa Najihah, Busra (2018) Dependence of magnetic and microwave loss on evolving microstructure in yttrium iron garnet. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 29 (10). pp. 8688-8700. ISSN 1573-482X. (Published)


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The parallel magnetic and microwave loss dependence on microstructural evolutions in several polycrystalline yttrium iron garnet samples were studied in detail, focusing on the attendant occurrence of their relationships. In this study, polycrystalline YIG samples were synthesized by employing the mechanical alloying technique and sintering toroidal compacts at temperatures from 600 to 1400 °C. The samples were characterized for their evolution in crystalline phases, structure, microstructure, magnetic hysteresis parameters, microwave losses and electrical resistivity. The results showed an increasing tendency of the saturation magnetization with grain size, which is attributed to crystallinity increase in the grains. The M–H hysteresis loop results showed a transition from disordered-to-ordered magnetism which belongs to different magnetically dominant stages of formation. The starting appearance of room temperature ferromagnetic order suggested by the sigmoid-shaped loops seems to be dependent on crystallinity, phase purity and a sufficient number of large enough magnetic domain-containing grains having been formed in the microstructure. An increasing trend of transmission loss with grain size may be attributed to increment of loss contribution from hysteresis and domain wall resonance of the samples. The changes in crystallinity and microstructure, and the associated processes of microwave resonance and relaxation due to domain wall movements and damping of spin rotation contributes to the variations in transmission loss and ferromagnetic linewidth of the samples. The increased electrical resistivity while the microstructure was evolving is believed to strongly indicates improved phase purity and compositional stoichiometry.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: magnetic; microwave loss; yttrium iron garnet
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Rodziah Nazlan
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2018 08:09
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2018 08:10
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