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Assessment of in-vitro antioxidant capacity and polyphenolic composition of frequently used legumes

M., Khan and S. A., Ali-Elhussain and T., Ghous and F., Kormin and A., Ajit and T., Ahmad and M. K., Muhammadi and T., Batool and F., Akhtar and I., Ahmed and A. Z., Sulaiman (2018) Assessment of in-vitro antioxidant capacity and polyphenolic composition of frequently used legumes. In: 4th International Conference of Chemical Engineering & Industrial Biotechnology, 1-2 August 2018 , Seri Pacific Hotel Kuala Lumpur. pp. 1-18.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This study was concerned with the assessment of antioxidant activity and chemical composition of extracts made from nine legume seeds. The legume seeds include : Lablab purpueus (Lab-lab bean), Phaseolus vulgaris (Kidney bean), Vigna radiata (Mung bean, green seed coat variety), Cicer arietinum (Chick pea, dark brown seed coat variety), Vigna radiate (Mung bean, red seed coat variety), Vigna unguiculata (Cowpea, Black eyed bean), Cicer arietinum (Chick pea, white seed coat variety), Trigonella foenumgraecum (Fenugreek), and Phaseolus vulgaris (Black bean). Two methods were used to evaluate antioxidant activity of ethanol extracts of these selected plants: β-carotene bleaching assay and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical method (DPPH). DPPH was also used as a TLC spray to detect separated antioxidant compounds. Ethanol extracts of the five legume seeds showed antioxidant activity with chick pea (Cicer arietinum) exhibiting the highest activity (Fernandez et al.,, 2009). Germination did not increased antioxidant activity as measured by the β-carotene method, in five legumes. However, TLC bioautography clearly indicated that at least four compounds with radical scavenging activity have been biosynthesized during the germination of chick pea seeds. The biosynthesized compounds were more polar compared to those present in ungerminated seeds. This broadens the solubility spectrum of chickpea antioxidants, an advantage for the food industry (Milos and Makhota, 2012). The potential of commercially using legume flours in processed baked and meat products are indicated, adding antioxidant activity to other functionalities. Synergistic studies showed that the antioxidant activity of chick pea could be synergistically increased by addition of the extract of roots of G. Gynandra (Chew et al., 2009) The AlCl3-method was found to be unsuitable for the determination of total flavonoids.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidants; Legumes; Chickpea; Nutraceutical; G. gynandra
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2018 01:24
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 01:24
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/22424
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