UMP Institutional Repository

Novel environmentally friendly fuel: the effects of nanographene oxide additives on the performance and emission characteristics of diesel engines fuelled with Ailanthus altissima biodiesel

Hoseini, S. S. and Najafi, G. and Ghobadian, B. and R., Mamat and Ebadi, M. T. and Yusaf, Talal (2018) Novel environmentally friendly fuel: the effects of nanographene oxide additives on the performance and emission characteristics of diesel engines fuelled with Ailanthus altissima biodiesel. Renewable Energy, 125. pp. 283-294. ISSN 0960-1481

[img]
Preview
Pdf
Novel environmentally friendly fuel- The effects of nanographene oxide additives.pdf

Download (273kB) | Preview

Abstract

The present study investigated the effect of graphene oxide (GO) nanoparticles, as novel fuel additives, on the engine performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine. The GO nanoparticles were mixed with B0, B10, and B20 Ailanthus altissima biodiesel blends. The graphene oxide nanoparticles, at concentrations of 30, 60, and 90 ppm, were dispersed into each fuel blend by ultrasonication. Throughout this study, engine testing was performed at a constant speed of 2100 rpm and loads of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%. Performance and emission characteristics, including power, torque, specific fuel consumption (SFC), exhaust gas temperature (EGT), and CO, CO2, unburned-hydrocarbon (UHC), and NOx emissions, were investigated. study revealed that, under the same conditions, most performance characteristics, such as power, torque, and EGT, significantly increased through the addition of GO to fuel blends, while SFC significantly decreased. The GO-nanoparticle additives facilitated significant reductions in CO and UHC emissions (approximately 7–20% and 15–28%, respectively); however, under the same conditions, slight increases in CO2 and NOx emissions (approximately 6–10% and 5–8%, respectively) were observed. On the basis of the experimental results, we conclude that fuel blends composed of nanographene oxide, Ailanthus altissima biodiesel, and diesel can be introduced as environmentally friendly fuels.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ailanthus altissima oil; Biodiesel; Nanographene oxide; Diesel engine
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 06:41
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2018 06:41
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/22596
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item