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Effectiveness and safety of electronic cigarettes among sole and dual user vapers in Kuantan and Pekan, Malaysia: a six-month observational study

Mohamad Haniki, Nik Mohamed and Azizur, Rahman and Shazia, Jamshed and Mahmood, Syed (2018) Effectiveness and safety of electronic cigarettes among sole and dual user vapers in Kuantan and Pekan, Malaysia: a six-month observational study. BMC Public Health, 18 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1471-2458

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Abstract

Background; Current studies on electronic cigarettes (ECs) have assessed the smoking cessation effectiveness and safety of EC among sole EC users. However, in Malaysia and elsewhere, most EC users also smoke conventional cigarettes (CCs). We aimed to investigate nicotine cessation for both ECs and CCs. Additionally, safety issues among sole EC and dual (EC and CC) users over a six-month period were reported. Methods; We observed 218 sole Malaysian EC and dual users over 6 months from June 2015 to November 2015. Both groups underwent exhaled breath carbon monoxide and saliva cotinine analyses to verify their nicotine cessation from both EC and CC use. Adverse events and withdrawal symptoms were assessed based on self-reports.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electronic cigarette; Safety; Effectiveness; Conventional cigarette, Carbon monoxide
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 03:08
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2019 08:39
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/22635
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