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Effect of steam explosion pretreatment method in pulp production on pilot scale

Muhammad Arif Fahmi, Supian and Khairatun Najwa, Mohd Amin and Shahril, Mohamad and Saidatul Shima, Jamari (2018) Effect of steam explosion pretreatment method in pulp production on pilot scale. In: National Conference for Postgraduate Research (NCON-PGR 2018), 28-29 August 2018 , Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, Pahang. pp. 158-164.. ISBN 9789672226055

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Abstract

The study on pulp production at a pilot scale and the implementation of steam explosion pretreatment in the process. The pulp production using the physic-chemical process that includes steam explosion pretreatment and mild alkaline treatment. The physicochemical and morphological characteristics, elemental composition and size distribution of the fiber were characterized using the scanning electron microscope (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). The difference on the morphology of the raw and exploded can be clearly seen when the smooth structure of raw fiber turn ruptured and the size decreases from 213.6μm to 9.5μm. FTIR and TGA analysis provided clear evidence from the peak of lignin and hemicellulose were decreasing from the raw to the exploded fiber and pulp. The crystallinity of the fiber changes when treated. Thus, pulp can be produced in a large scale by using the steam explosion treatment.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: EFB; Pulp; Steam explosion treatment; Pilot scale; Characterization
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2018 06:37
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 06:37
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23063
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