Effect Of Surfactants And Their Blend With Silica Nanoparticles On Wax Deposition In A Malaysian Crude Oil

Zhen, Hao Lim and Norida, Ridzuan and Al Salim, Hikmat Said and Nguele, Ronald and Sasaki, Kyuro (2018) Effect Of Surfactants And Their Blend With Silica Nanoparticles On Wax Deposition In A Malaysian Crude Oil. Petroleum Science, 15 (3). pp. 557-590. ISSN 56705424200. (Published)

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The present study investigated the wax deposition tendencies of a light Malaysian crude oil (42.4� API), and the wax inhibiting potential of some surfactants and their blends with nanoparticles. With the knowledge that the majority of the wax inhibition research revolved around polymeric wax inhibitors, which cause environmental issues, we highlighted the potential of surfactants and their blend with SiO2 nanoparticles as wax deposition inhibitors. Different surfactants including oil-based, silane-based, Gemini and bio-surfactants were considered as primary surfactants. The primary surfactants and their respective blends at a concentration of 400 ppm were screened as wax inhibitor candidates using cold finger apparatus. The screening results showed a significant influence on the paraffin inhibition efficiency on wax deposition by using 400 ppm of silane-based surfactant, which decreased the wax deposition up to 53.9% as compared to that of the untreated crude oil. The inhibition efficiency among the silane-based surfactant (highest) and bio-surfactant (lowest) revealed an appreciable difference up to 36.5%. Furthermore, the wax from the treated sample was found to deposit in a thin gel-like form, which adhered inadequately to the surface of the cold finger. A further investigation by blending the 400 ppm silane-based surfactant with a 400 ppm SiO2 nanoparticle suspension in a load ratio of 3:1 found that the wax inhibition decreased up to 81% as compared to the scenario when they were not added. However, we have shown that the synergy between the silane-based surfactant and the nanoparticles is influenced by the concentration and load ratio of surfactant and nanoparticles, residence time, differential temperature and rotation rate.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed in ISI Web of Science
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Norida Ridzuan
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2018 01:50
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2018 01:53
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23197
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